The early portion of the Koran, known as the "Meccan Revelations" reveals similarities to the Essene "Thanksgiving Scroll," as discovered in the Dead Sea Scrolls, and to the Manichean Bema ceremony, particularly in the Cologne Mani Codex. The Essene text was used in the "Feast of the Renewal of the Covenant" and became the Bema, or "empty throne" ritual. Both were similar "Pentecostal" initiation ceremonies and they became the spark of the Koranic revelation as the "Night of Power." The Sufi "Prayer of Ibn Mashish" is a link to all three, Koran, Essenes, Manicheism. This opens the door, until now locked, to understand how Muh*ammad transformed these religious traditions into a powerful, new, rectified, Monotheism.